Geography of Orissa
Orissa reside on the east coast of India with a coastal stretch of 482 km. Orissa dwells between the states of West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh. Orissa is full of deep valleys, subdued plateau, rolling uplands, coastal plains, which extend from Subarnarekha in the north to rushikulya in the south. The mountainous regions like Meghasan, Gandhamardan, Deomali, Sinkram, Malaygiri which are full of velvet mist and majestic trees has almost enclosed ĺ Orrisa. Chilika lake is been considered the biggest lake near Bay of Bengal . N umerous such rivers, lakes, waterfalls, hot springs and hills make it a very popular summer retreat.
Bhubaneswar: An ancient city about 2600 years old, known as Cathedral City of India, it is fast emerging as a Cyber City as well.†
Area ? Population ?Orissa covers an area of 1, 55,707 sq km and houses a population of 31,659,736 (1991 census)
Location ? Its location is between 17 degrees 49 minutes north to twenty two degrees thirty four minutes North latitudes and 81 degrees 27 minutes east to 87 degrees 29 minutes East longitudes
Climate: One can witness the three natural seasons in the State. They are summer, rainy and winter.
In 1803, East India Company began ruling over Orissa. However it only became Orissa in 19th century after the floods when the costal region of Bengal was divided into bihar and Orissa. After independence, Orissa became twice its size as 24 former princely states were now included as a part of Orissa. Orissa became a constituent state of India in 1950.
The summer Season - March till June. The temperature rises very high. The temperature ranges between 27 degrees centigrade and 49 degrees centigrade
The rainy season - July to October and there is heavy rainfall in the month of August.
Winter Season - November and continues till February and is severe except in some areas of Phulbani and Koraput districts. The temperature ranges between 4.4 degrees centigrade and 15.6 degrees centigrade