History of Gujarat
Many ruins of Harappan Civilization have been found in Gujarat . Gujarat derrived its name from “Gujjaratta”, which literaly means the land where Gujjar or Khazars reside. The historic link of Gujjar tribe’s imigration has been traced from 5 th century. Bharuch along with the other coastal cities was used as a trading center for Gupta and Maurya empires. It was only after the fall of Gupta Empire in 6 th century that Gujarat became an independent Hindu kingdom. Maitrakas ruled Gujarat between the 6 th and the 8 th century. However, Harsha ruled over Gujarat during the 7 th century. In the throne of Maitrakas Vallabhi was the capaital of Gujarat . Maitraka Dynasty came to an end in 770 when Arab ruler defeated Vallabhi. Parsies also known as Zoroastrians arrived in Gujarat as a refugee in 775 from Iran . Pratihara tribe ruled Gujarat in 8 th century.
Between 960 and 1243 Solanki tribes of Rajput ruled Gujarat . During this era Gujarat became a trade center for Indian Ocean . The capital of Solanki was Anhilwara(also known as Patan). Patan was one of the biggest cities in India . The population that is estimated to reside in Patan in 1000 is around 100,000. In the year 1026, Mahmud Ghazni destroyed Somnath temple. After 1243 Dholka’s chief Vaghela defeated Solkanis and ruled over Gujurat.
In 1298, Ahilwara was destroyed by Sultan of Delhi called Ala ud din Khilji and, thus, Gujarat was included in Delhi Sultanate. Gujarat witnessed many kings, till the British power took over. There were lots of independence movements, which were started in Gujarat . After independence, Saurashtra was formed by merging 217 princely states, with the capital at Rajkot . In 1956, Saurashtra was merged in Bombay state. Present-day Gujarat was formed in 1960, taking prominantly Gujarati-speaking region of northern Bombay state. The Southern Bombay state wasd named as Maharashtra .
In the year 2001, Gujarat witnessed a messive earthquake, which took away lives of around 20,000 people and injuring around 2, 00,000 people. Not only that, but Gujarat earthquake also affected the life of 40 million Gujaratis, residing in Gujarat . The natural destruction was not a full stop to this state’s tragedy. Sabarmati Express, a train to Gujarat was attacked by Muslims and was burnt 59 Hindu passengers. The outcome of this incident was a riot, where around 254 Hindus and 790 Muslims were killed and 223 people are estimated to be asconding